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投稿者 : webmaster 投稿日時: 2010/8/26 15:00:00 (5930 ヒット)
第7回京大メカトロニクス研究会

日時
 2010年8月26日(木) 15時から16時30分

会場
 京都大学 吉田キャンパス 本部構内
 工学部 物理系校舎 313講義室
 http://www.me.t.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/access/top/index_html

講演者
*Dr. Serge Stinckwich *
IRD, International Research Unit UMMISCO (France), Ha Noi, Vietnam

講演タイトル
*Adapting robotic disaster response to developing countries*

概要
IRD is a french research institute quite unique in the landscape of
European research for development. Its task is to conduct research in
the South, for the South, with the South. Its researchers are working
on issues of major global importance today: global warming, emerging
diseases, biodiversity, access to water, migration, poverty, world
hunger. The global climate change induces an increase, in terms of
frequency and devastating power, of natural disasters (particularly in
developing countries). For facing this, there is a growing need for
robotic assistance, for collecting information, managing disaster
situation, rescuing victims and preserve human lives. It is one of the
means recommended by the UNPD (United Nations Program for
Development), which consist in the deployment of on- field automated
monitoring, surveillance and reconnaissance systems. This talk
outlines the research performed in the AROUND (Autonomous Robots for
Observation of Urban Networks after Disasters) project. This project
addresses the issue of developing a search and rescue multi-robot
systems taking into account specific constraints of developing
countries.

講演者略歴
     Serge Stinckwich (coordinator of this project for the french part) is born the 10 may 1967 in Villefranche sur Saône (France) and has the french nationality. He is associate professor from the Université de Caen Basse Normandie (UCBN) and he is currently working at IRD(Institut de Recherche pour le Développement). He defends his Phd Thesis at University of Savoie in 1994 for his work about programming languages for multi-agent systems. Since 1996, he is working at University of Caen in the research Models-Agents-Decison in the Groupe de Recherche en Informatique, Imagerie et Instrumentation (GREYC) de Caen (UMR CNRS). En 2008, he was invited professor in the MOVE research team (MOdélisation et VErification) at LIP6 (University of Paris 6).
     Since October 2008, he is an associate researcher of the IRD, on secondment (“délégation” in French) in the UMMISCO (Unité de Modélisation Mathématique et Informatique de Systèmes COmplexes) research team in its vietnamese implantation (Ha Noi). His main research interests are software architecture for multi-agent and robotic system, networked robotics for Urban Search and Rescue and disaster management information systems. He was member of the following program committees: C5?07-10, JFSMA?05-10 (Journées Francophones des Systèmes Multi-Agents), AMIRE?07 (International Symposium on Autonomous Minirobots for Research and Edutainment), ATDM?09, IWST?09 (International Workshop on Smalltalk technologies), ACIIDS?10, ISCRAM?10 (International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management) and conference organizers of C5?09-10, ATDM?09 (Second International Workshop on Agent technology for Disaster Management), DSLR?10 (First Workshop on Domain Specific Languages for Robotic Systems), RESSACS'10 (French Thematic Workshop on WSN for Mission-critical applications), 1st International Workshop on Distributed Control for Mission-critical Applications in Wireless Sensor Networks (DCCA-WSN'10).
     Since september 2009, he is one of the work-package leader of PROTEUS (Platform for RObotic models Transformations and Exchange between Users and Scientific communities) a research platform funded by the ANR (french funding agency) whose goal is to create a set of common tools for french robotic community in order to facilitate transfer of knowledge and problems among the users (Funding : 2,096,227 ?). From the last 5 years, he has been involved either as partner or principle investigator (PI) in 5 projects.

投稿者 : webmaster 投稿日時: 2010/7/15 20:29:35 (2017 ヒット)
第6回京大メカトロニクス研究会

日時
 2010年8月2日(火) 15時から16時30分

会場
 京都大学 吉田キャンパス 本部構内
 工学部 物理系校舎 315講義室
 http://www.me.t.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/access/top/index_html

講演者
Prof. Jun Wang
Department of Mechanical & Automation Engineering
The Chinese University of Hong Kong,

講演タイトル
Neurodynamic Optimization and Its Applications in Robotics

概要

Optimization problems arise in a wide variety of scientific and engineering applications. It is computationally challenging for dynamic optimization when optimization procedures have to be performed in real time to optimize the performance of dynamical systems. For such applications, classical optimization techniques may not be competent due to the problem dimensionality and stringent requirement on computational time. One very promising approach is neurodynamic optimization. Because of the inherent nature of parallel and distributed information processing in neural networks, the convergence rate of the neurodynamic optimization solution process is not decreasing as the size of the problem increases. Neural networks can be implemented physically in designated hardware such as ASICs where optimization is carried out in a truly parallel and distributed manner. This feature is particularly desirable for dynamic optimization in decentralized decision-making situations arising frequently in robotics and control.
In this talk, I will present the historic review and the state of the art of neurodynamic optimization models and selected applications in robotics. Specifically, starting from the motivation of neurodynamic optimization, we will review various recurrent neural network models for optimization. Theoretical results about the stability and optimality of the neurodynamic optimization models will be given along with illustrative examples and simulation results. It will be shown that many fundamental problems in robotics can be readily solved by using the neurodynamic optimization models. Specific applications will be highlighted for robot motion planning with obstacle avoidance, grasping force optimization for multi-fingered robotic hands, and mobile robot control.

講演者略歴

Jun Wang is a Professor and the Director of the Computational Intelligence Laboratory in the Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. Prior to this position, he held various academic positions at Dalian University of Technology, Case Western Reserve University, and University of North Dakota. He also held various short-term visiting positions at USAF Armstrong Laboratory (1995), RIKEN Brain Science Institute (2001), Universite Catholique de Louvain (2001), Chinese Academy of Sciences (2002), and Huazhong University of Science and Technology (2006?-2007). He has held a Changjiang Chair Professorship in computer science and engineering at Shanghai Jiao Tong University since 2008 on a part-time basis. He received a B.S. degree in electrical engineering and an M.S. degree in systems engineering from Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China. He received his Ph.D. degree in systems engineering from Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA. His current research interests include neural networks and their applications. He published over 140 journal papers, 12 book chapters, 8 edited books, and numerous conference papers in these areas. He has been an Associate Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics ? Part B since 2003 and a member of the Editorial Advisory Board of the International Journal of Neural System since 2006. He also served as an Associate Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks (1999-2009) and IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics ? Part C (2002?2005), as a guest editor of special issues of European Journal of Operational Research (1996), International Journal of Neural Systems (2007), and Neurocomputing (2008). He was an organizer of several international conferences such as the General Chair of the 13th International Conference on Neural Information Processing (2006) and the 2008 IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence. He served as the President of the Asia Pacific Neural Network Assembly in 2006. He is an IEEE Fellow, an IEEE Distinguished Lecturer, and a recipient of the Research Excellence Award from the Chinese University of Hong Kong for 2008-2009 and Shanghai Natural Science Award (first class) in 2009.

投稿者 : webmaster 投稿日時: 2010/7/13 6:26:28 (1972 ヒット)
第5回京大メカトロニクス研究会

日時
 2010年7月20日(火) 10時30分から12時

会場
 京都大学 吉田キャンパス 本部構内
 工学部 物理系校舎 315講義室
 http://www.me.t.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/access/top/index_html

講演者
Prof. Wayne Book
HUSCO/Ramirez Professor of Fluid Power and Motion Control
Georgia Institute of Technology


講演タイトル
Rescue Robots, Haptics and Fluid Power

概要

Compressed fluids are one of the oldest and yet one of the most powerful approaches to motion actuation for automation. When combined with human operator guidance, extremely effective tools for construction and agriculture commonly result. Applying this technology to smaller scale tasks such as rescue in an urban environment requires new developments in control and user interfaces. The Center for Compact and Efficient Fluid Power (CCEFP) addresses all of these challenges as well as providing appropriate power sources. After introducing the goals of the CCEFP, this seminar will focus on improving operator effectiveness through multimodal operator interfaces and shared control. Two applications will be considered: a human scale rescue robot and an excavator. These devices form two of four test beds for the CCEFP chosen because they span significantly different power ranges where fluid power has been or could be useful. Metrics for successful rescue and where current efforts have taken us will be presented.

講演者略歴

Wayne J. Book, HUSCO/Ramirez Distinguished Professor of Fluid Power and Motion Control, has taught at Georgia Institute of Technology since 1974. A Fellow of IEEE, ASME and SME, he holds degrees from M.I.T. (M.S., Ph.D.) and The University of Texas (B.S.) in Mechanical Engineering. His research focuses on system dynamics and control of fluid power and flexible systems, robotics, and haptic human interfaces. Current research is funded by industry and the NSF through the Center for Compact and Efficient Fluid Power. Dr. Book is the author or coauthor of over 170 papers in his research. He has been the editor of the ASME Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement and Control and was awarded the Leadership Award of the Dynamic Systems and Control Division in 2004.

投稿者 : webmaster 投稿日時: 2009/12/16 6:31:59 (2701 ヒット)
第3回京大メカトロニクス研究会

日時
 2010年1月7日(木) 15時から16時30分

会場
 京都大学 吉田キャンパス 本部構内
 工学部 物理系校舎 313講義室
 http://www.me.t.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/access/top/index_html

講演者
 祖父江 恵 先生 名古屋大学医学部医学科YLP非常勤講師

講演タイトル
 「誰も眠らない講義」
 “Emergency Room” 外科医療の現場から


概要

近年、救急医療、災害時救助、医療において、工学の分野が進出しようとしてい
る場は多い。しかし、現在の日本におけるこれらの医療、システム自体が、世界
からは大幅に遅れを取っている。そして、工学分野の研究者は、実際の現場を見
ることなく、想像の世界で、新たな研究・開発をすることとなる。果たして、本
当に必要なもの、求められるものが開発されるのか。苦心したあげく、無用の長
物になってしまうのか。研究段階では、どれだけ医師・救急隊などの意見を聞い
ても、明快ではない。

今回の講演は、具体的に、何を開発してほしい、というような具体的提案はしな
い。世界の実際の救急医療現場、日本では、絶対に聞くこともない、見ることも
ない、想像を絶する殺伐とした現場を見せる。世界トップレベルの医療で、人の
命を救い続ける毎日を送る、外傷外科の現場を見てほしい。そこから、みなさん
が、感じ、考え、自分たちが工学の立場から、何が求められるのか、探索してい
ただきたい。

日本の病院では味わうことのできない臨場感を味わってください。こんな世界も
ある、ということを。
 
======================================================

祖父江先生は,名古屋大学大学院機械情報システム工学専攻修了後,
名古屋大学医学部を卒業され,Johns Hopkins Hospital,Baylor College
School of Medicineなどで外科の経験を積まれた外傷外科医です.
最近では,活躍の場所を日本からアメリカに移され,Hustonにある
Ben Taub General Hospitalで外科医を勤められています.

「1人でも多くの日本人に、世界の現場を見ていただきたいと思います。
そして、近未来ではなくても、将来の工学の発展に少しでも役立てば、と思います。」
とメッセージをいただいています。

投稿者 : webmaster 投稿日時: 2009/11/11 6:34:30 (2809 ヒット)
第2回京大メカトロニクス研究会

日時
 2009年12月3日(木) 15時から16時30分

会場
 京都大学 吉田キャンパス 本部構内
 工学部 物理系校舎 315講義室
 http://www.me.t.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/access/top/index_html

講演者
 山岡亮平教授 京都工芸繊維大学

講演タイトル
 アリをフェロモンで操れるか
  ? さまざまなアリの行動を決定する情報化学物質とは? ?

概要
地球上に最も多く生息する動物種である昆虫類は主としてその周囲の状況を触角を用いてその象物上に存在する化学物質を捕まえることにより情報として利用している。その中でも最優先種であるアリは、特にさまざまなフェロモン類を使って巣仲間同士の緊密なコミュニケーションを行うことにより、時として百万頭以上の個体で成り立っている社会を維持している。またさらに真っ暗な巣の中でさえ周囲の状況を触角を使って的確に判断することが出来る。触角で触れた相手に対しどのように反応するかは、その表面上にどのようなコンタクトケミカルと呼ばれる不揮発性の情報化学物質が存在するかにかかっている可能性が非常に高い。その事実が我々の最近の研究により次々に明らかになりつつある。本講演ではそれらを紹介する。 

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